Arrhythmia Disorder

What is Arrhythmia Disorder?

An arrhythmia is a group of conditions where the heartbeat is irregular, too slow, or too fast.  Normal heart rate is 50 to 100 beats per minutes.  However, the abnormal functioning of the heart rate is cause by arrhythmia. It occurs when the electrical signals to the heart that coordinates with the beats are not properly working. It can be distinguished into three different forms:
1. Slow heartbeat:  Bradycardia. (lesser than 50 beats/minute)
2. Fast heartbeat:  Tachycardia. (faster than 100 beats/minute)
3. Irregular heartbeat:  Flutter or Fibrillation/ dysrhythmia.(fluctuations)
4. Early heartbeat:  Pre-mature contraction of beats
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Causes of arrhythmia

Arrhythmias may be caused by different factors, including:

• Structural changes in heart muscle.
• Injury caused due to a heart attack.
• Coronary artery disease that increases blockage of vessels.
• Electrolyte imbalances in your blood (such as calcium, magnesium, sodium or potassium).
• Improper healing process after heart surgery.
• Irregular lifestyle is the main cause.
• Smoking, addiction of alcohol, diabetes, mental stress, drug, excessive consumption of coffee, and higher cholesterol level are some causes of an arrhythmia too.
• Hypertension and hyperthyroidism are the causes of an arrhythmia.
• Some herbal and dietary supplements along with some medications are also the causes of an arrhythmia.
• Normal hearts can also experience an Irregular heart rhythm at times.

How serious is an arrhythmia?

Generally arrhythmias are harmless in nature. However, if they are particularly abnormal, or result from a weak or damaged heart, arrhythmias can cause serious and resulted into even potentially fatal risks of stroke or cardiac attack

Symptoms of an arrhythmia disorder

There are very few symptoms reflect by your body that confirms you are being caught by an Arrhythmia. However, some noticeable signs and symptoms of arrhythmia may include:
• A throbbing in a chest
• A sudden racing of heartbeat 
• A slow heartbeat 
• Chest pain and discomfort
• Breathlessness
• Feeling of dizziness
• Heavy sweating
• Feeling of the loss of consciousness/Fainting 

Treatment and prevention for arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are generally a harmless and supposed as some imbalance caused by the imbalance of cardiac process which would be automatically recovered by the body. However, once doctor diagnose the patient with arrhythmia, he/she should have to find the root of the cause. He or she will also determine whether your arrhythmia is risky enough in the future. If it is, your doctor will set a treatment plan.
 Taking Medications
• Take all prescribed medicines exactly on time, prescribed by your doctor.
• Don’t stop taking any prescription medication without first consulting your doctor.
• If you are feeling any side effect, tell your doctor as early as possible.
• Tell your doctor about all your other drugs and supplements you are consuming before the starting of the treatment.
• Learn to monitor your pulse; especially if you have an artificial pacemaker.
Yoga and Pranayam can reduce your arrhythmias. Try it!
Precautions 
It has been rightly said that “Prevention is better than cure”. Your risk of a heart attack and stroke can be effectively lowered by the following:
• Try to control your heart rate within a normal range
• Restore a normal heart rhythm as early as possible
• Treat heart disease/condition that may be causing arrhythmia
• Reduce high blood pressure
• Maintain cholesterol levels
• Loss excess weight and control obesity
• Regular physical exercise daily
• Quit smoking and drinking of alcohol.
• Be happy and keep others around you!
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