Trigeminal Neuralgia


Also called A Facial Nerve Disorder

Trigeminal Neuralgia happens if the trigeminal nerve is irritated or compressed. There are two words in the term Trigeminal Neuralgia. The trigeminal nerve is one of the twelve cranial or head nerves that has three divisions providing for the regions between upper eye-lid and the lower chin, and Neuralgia denotes pain. Trigeminal Neuralgia is a disorder of the trigeminal nerve that triggers facial pain along with headache. The pain experienced in Trigeminal Neuralgia or Facial Nerve Disorder is typically intense, severe, sharp, periodical, episodic, stabbing, excruciating and abrupt. Pain is sensed in the forehead, cheek, nose, sinuses, teeth jaw lips etc.
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Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia

The pain of Trigeminal Neuralgia originates from the trigeminal nerve, which transmits the feelings of pain and touch from eyes, sinuses, face and mouth to the brain.

Trigeminal neve pain causes may be:

• Multiple sclerosis or further ailments that harm myelin, the defensive covering of the nerves. • Stress on the trigeminal nerve due to a tumor or bloated blood vessel. • Damage to the trigeminal nerve, for example, from face trauma or from sinus or oral surgery. Time and again, no cause can be found. Trigeminal Neuralgia generally involves adults; however, it can happen at any stage. When people of age below 40 are affected with Trigeminal Neuralgia, it is usually because of a tumor or multiple sclerosis.

Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia incorporate an acute beginning of piercing, intense pain to one part of the face. It is likely to start at the slant of the jaw and emit along the intersection lines. The acute pain has been compared to an electric shock, and the pain may become harsher due to chewing, light touch or cold contact inside the mouth. While the pain attack may occur only once, the individual may feel recurring severe pain lasting a few seconds to some minutes or even hours. In the middle of the attacks, the individual does not have any symptom and the pain stops completely. But due to the fear that the sharp pain may come back, the individual can be very distressed.
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How is Trigeminal Neuralgia Diagnosed?

If the symptoms of an individual point to Trigeminal Neuralgia, their face will be investigated by a doctor to ascertain the involved areas. An MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan may aid in eliminating other conditions that have similar symptoms, for example, a tumor, sinusitis or tooth decay. But an MRI may not reveal the precise origin of nerve pain.

How to treat Trigeminal Neuralgia?

The most important treatments for Trigeminal Neuralgia include prescribed medicines and surgery. • Medicines: To treat Trigeminal Neuralgia, medicines are available; but these medicines may turn out to be less effectual over time. Painkillers like paracetamol will not bring about trigeminal nerve pain relief. Therefore, doctors prescribe anticonvulsant medicines. These are generally used to stop attacks, however, they can as well block or diminish the signals of pain directed to the brain. This is done as they pacify the nerve impulses. • Surgery: Surgery in favor of Trigeminal Neuralgia strives for (1) preventing an artery or vein from pushing against the trigeminal nerve and (2) damaging the trigeminal nerve to stop the unrestrained pain signals.

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