What is hematoma?
When collection of blood outside of blood veins and abnormally collected outside of a blood vessel is called hematoma disease.This occurs when the wall of any blood vessel, artery, vein or capillary gets damaged and the blood reaches the tissues where it is not found to be.Usually blood is accumulated in whole or in part, and it is located in places with some organs or soft tissues, such as muscle.Most hematoma of the skin are caused by scratches and are gradually recovered in a few days.Determination of hematoma involves physical examination with detailed medical history, most of the tests do not require further testing. However, blood tests can be ordered on the basis of injury or performance.
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Hematomas are named based on their location,like:

  • Hepatic hematoma (with in the liver)
  • Subdural hematoma (between the brain tissue and the inside lining of the brain)
  • Ear or aural hematoma (between the ear cartilage and overlying skin)
  • Splenic hematoma (within the spleen)
  • Peritoneal,Intra-abdominal,retroperitoneal hematoma (inside the abdominal cavity)
  • Subungual hematoma (under the nail)
Causes Of Hematoma
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Blood cancer
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Trauma
  • Head injuries
  • Broken bones
  • Aneurysm
Hematoma Symptoms
  • Pain and swelling
  • Redness
  • Weakness
How Treat Hematoma
Hematoma treatment depends on symptoms,location and condition.In some cases no treatment require while in some cases proper treatment require.For fast recovery of small hematoma take some rest,consult with doctor.In some serious cases like subdural hematoma or any other kind of serious condition surgical drainage surgery is required.
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