Skip to main content

MND(Motor Neuron Disease)

What is MND (Motor Neuron Disease)?

Neurons are meant to transmit messages from the brain to the bones and muscles.This is what causes movements in our body. Motor Neuron Disease is a condition that affects the motor neurons.It is a progressive condition that attacks the motor nerves or neurons present in the spinal cord or the brain.The message passing mechanism is disturbed.This implies that the messages don't reach the muscles promptly.This leads to weakness in the body and an overall degraded health condition.

MND is a disease that affects the way to behave,walk, talk, breathe, eat, and drink. MND can affect children, adults, and aged people alike, so there is no age-group particularly affected by the disease. It can happen to anyone regardless of their age.

motor neuron disease,symptoms of mnd,what is mnd,how treat motor neuron disease

Causes For MND:

Although the exact causes of MND are still not clear, research is still going on. There are many theories that are somewhat helpful in determining the factors related to the MND disease. Let us take a look at some factors that are estimated to play a significant role in giving rise to MND.
1. Sitting still or maintaining the same posture for extremely long periods of time,for example, during travel.
2. Genetic factors
3. Viruses and frequent infections
4. Side effects of anxiety medications
5. Surgeries or previous chemotherapy
6. Severe injuries caused by sports or vigorous exercise
7. Head injuries adversely affecting the brain
8. Exposure to harmful chemicals
9. A diet deficient in vital nutrients
10. A lifestyle involving immense stress or frequent stressful events

Motor Neuron Disease Symptoms:

The symptoms vary from person to person and do not occur at the same time.There are certain other unrelated neurological conditions with which the symptoms of MND can be confused with. Symptoms are highly dependant on which part of the body is affected first. There are mainly three areas where the early signs and symptoms of MND appear- respiratory system, mouth, and limbs (arms and legs). Some of the most common symptoms of MND are:

1. Twitching of muscles and cramping

The overall muscle health is affected which causes excessive cramping or muscle twitching.

2. Difficulty in swallowing

Since the muscles in the food canal and tongue are affected this can lead to difficulty in swallowing food.

3. Speech impairment 

Due to weakness in the muscles of the tongue, the speech of a person suffering from MND is impaired.

4. Difficulties in holding objects and maintaining a firm grip due to weakness in the arms

From small tasks such as picking up keys to sports activities like playing badminton, MND causes difficulties in performing day to day chores.

5. Not being able to walk properly without support or stumbling because of weak leg muscles

Most of the patients suffering from MND say that they feel that walking, climbing stairs, and exercising is extremely hard due to the stiffness and constant aching.

6. Shallow breathing

Since the respiratory muscles are also affected by MND, it can cause shortness of breath and other respiratory disorders.
how detect mnd,types of motor neuron disease,stages of mnd,about motor neuron disease

Stages and Types of MND:

MND can be classified into four main classes depending on which part of the body is affected first and the pattern of the involvement of motor neurons.

1. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS

In most parts of the world, MND is commonly referred to as ALS.ALS is characterized by weakness and stiffness in muscles. It results in wasting and weakness in the muscles of limbs. Both lower and upper motor neurons are adversely affected in this condition. In some cases,it also causes mood swings or rapid change in the state of emotions. Breathing pattern, speaking, and swallowing is also affected.

2. Progressive bulbar palsy or PBP

When ALS starts to affect speech and swallowing it is designated as PBP. Bulbar palsy includes the muscles that control speaking and swallowing. The bulb is located in the lower portion of the brain and the and the nerves present here are responsible for regulating the muscle movements related to swallowing and speech. Both the upper and lower motor neurons are adversely affected in this condition.

3. Progressive muscular atrophy or PMA

In this condition, only the lower motor neurons are affected and the patient can survive much longer than someone suffering from PBP and ALS. It begins in the arms or legs and is characterized by wasting, absent or compromised reflexes and weakness. Among all the other types of MND, this one is the most difficult to diagnose.

4. Primary lateral sclerosis or PLS

It is a rare case of MND in which only the upper motor neurons get affected. This disorder is inherited mostly by adult males causing wasting and weakness gradually.

Is MND a genetic disease?

Many complex genes are involved in the development of our nervous system. To some extent, MND is a genetic disease but the family members of a person suffering from MND are not at a high risk. SOD1 and C9orf72 are the two genes that are mainly associated with MND. If a person carries these two faulty genes there is a 50% chance that it can be passed on to the younger generation. It is not necessary to test family members if the symptoms haven't occurred as it will lead to unnecessary stress.

MND Treatment:

Even though there is no sure shot cure for MND, there are medications that provide relief from inconvenient conditions. They aid in maintaining a quality life. Riluzole is one medication that has been approved for MND patients. It is known to prolong the survival of the patient and make the MND less cumbersome. People who take Riluzole are less likely to reach advanced stages of the disease as compared to patients who do not take this medication.
Any therapy undertaken is focused on maximizing the comfort level of the patient. Breathing problems can be handled with the help of Yoga and other breathing exercises whereas occupational, physical, and speech therapies can be used to provide relief from other symptoms.

Related Articles:
TMJ Syndrome
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Is Insulin Safe For Type2 Diabetes
PMS Syndrome

Health Fitness Updates

Recent Posts Widget

View More Updates

How Liv52 DS Differ From Liv52

Difference between Liv 52 and Liv 52ds Many people have confusion in what is the difference between the Liv 52 and Liv 52 DS. So there are no major differences. But first let's know what is the work of this medicine.Liv 52 is a medicine that is considered to keep the liver healthy and work properly. This medicine is made by himalaya drug company, and since not today it has been an important part of keeping people's liver healthy form a very long time. You will also get these medicines as a syrup. Liv 52 enhances the power of your liver and also strengthens the digestive system. Your appetite increases with the use of this drug and also maintain the level of hemoglobin.Liv52 is also beneficial for people who complain of not feeling hungry or for those very low in body weight.

Difference between Liv 52 and Liv 52DS - Liv.52 is available in Single as well as Double strength versions.The quantum of ingredients is doubled in Liv.52 DS.Dosage as directed by the physician.

Medicines B…

Singhara Benefits For Pregnant Ladies

Consumption of Singhara (Water Caltrop) for pregnant women can be quite beneficial.By eating it, the mother is healthy and the child is also become healthy. Singhara is also quite beneficial in a leucorrhea disease.When consuming raw singhara or taking this fruit as juice, it clean harmful toxic substances from the body and prevents urinary infections. This fruit is also considered as a better option for increasing the appetite.In this fruit water content is the highest and calories are also very low.

Not only this, Singhhara protects pregnant women from the problem of miscarriage.Singhara fruits remove the problem of hypertension during pregnancy. The singhara is beneficial for the pregnant lady, but it also helps you get rid of more problems such as:

Thyroid - The manganese and iodine found in it are essential elements for the thyroid gland. Therefore, the functioning of the thyroid gland to maintain its daily routine remains in the correct form for a long time.

Natural blood purifie…

Problem Of Irregular Periods

Irregular Periods Periods is a normal physical process for women,which is a certification of good health.Well usually the time of period is between three to seven days.Normal and healthy period comes at 25 to 35 days intervals.If your period comes at two or three months,then you should immediately discuss this with the gynaecologist.Many times in today's running and busy life schedule,we do not pay attention to this even when we miss the periods.Because of which,there are many serious problems faced in the future like PCOS, PCOD etc.Irregular periods are the signals that women have problems with ovarian cyst,thyroid or PCOS.Let's know about issues related to periods.
Too much blood clotting During periods, it is common to have some clots i.e. menstrual clotts. But their amounts are too much, being too large in size can be a matter of concern.It can be a sign of fibroids,tumors etc. So, check it at the time and get help from the expert. Intermenstrual bleeding is dangerous The…

5 Surprising Reasons Behind Constipation

Reasons behind constipation problem Many people have regular problem of constipation,most of their time passes in the bathroom and now it has become a very common problem.The problem of constipation can also be due to weakness in the body,hypothyroidism or not drinking enough water etc.This may be due to eating some medicines.So let's know about some surprising causes behind constipation. Due to allergies Some people not digest milk products such milk,yogurt etc.It causes them constipation and many times they also become diarrhea.These people consult with a doctor or dietitian in relation to their diet. Intake of Painkillers Aspirin and ibuprofen are such painkillers,which can cause constipation problem in people.Those people who are taking these medicines,they should drink plenty of water throughout the day to avoid the complaint of constipation. Vitamins We all eat vitamins for better health.But if unbalanced amounts of vitamins go in the body,then they start reacting in our bo…

Premature Ejaculation

The meaning of premature ejaculation is to fall rapidly or untimely discharge is uncontrolled discharge either before or not long after sexual infiltration. It occurs with insignificant sexual incitement and before the individual wishes. It might bring about inadmissible sex for both partners. But in medical science, this term is related to the ejaculation of a man's semen. Premature Ejaculation is said to occur during the sex of a man, due to its climax, pre-induced prematurely and no control of semen collapse.

The timing of sexual intercourse should not be measured, for how long the semen should not be used, no fixed criteria has been set. The time taken in the index depends on the physical and mental condition of each individual.According to Medical Science, if a man's semen breaks down within 60 seconds means (1 minute) from the start of sexual intercourse, then it is considered premature ejaculation.The disease of premature ejaculation can not be kept in the impotence ca…

Mental Disorder Can Lead Risk Of Stroke And Heart Disease

Mental disorder and risk of stroke,heart disease. According to the studies,people facing mental health problems and who suffer from depression, anxiety and any other mental problem increases the risk of stroke or heart disease.Yes,this research revealed that a person's mental health has a direct impact on his cardiovascular health.If you are mentally healthy then your heart will also work better and if you are mentally ill then its not good for your heart.Research found that people who had some kind of mental illness faced heart disease or stroke at any point in their life.Also these people doubled the risk of being stroke compared to the normal people.
The study included people with schizophrenia,bipolar disorders,major depressive disorders and anxiety disorders.In addition to psychiatric drugs psychopathic,antidepressant,benzodiazepine and mood stabilizers were examined.
Reasons behind mental disorderMany times it is seen that they are also genetic,if the problem is already in …

Right Food For Healthy Hairs

Foods you can eat to promote hair growth naturally.If you eat properly healthy diet you will find a healthy body and eat the wrong then you will find the unhealthy body. Similarly,this also applies to our hairs,the direct effect of food we eat effect on our hair growth,through a good healthy dose,we can make our hair strong and beautiful.Let's know about the diet,foods that will provide both strength with beauty to hairs. Include the egg in your dietEggs are perfect option for our health as well as for hairs.Eggs have rich amounts of protein and vitamin B12.Besides,minerals like copper and iron.At the same time,there is a certain amount of three mineral zinc,sulfur and selenium for the fast growth of hairs. Green vegetablesConsumption of green vegetables does not help in the growth of your hairs,but there are other benefits too.Green vegetables are rich in iron,they are very effective in reducing the problem of hair fall. Drink more waterThe most effective natural tonic of hair healt…

Reasons Behind Gaining Weight

Unhealthy weight gain If your weight is too high and you are worried about it,then obviously you will be very interested to know its causes and you should be because it can cause many diseases such as heart attack,high blood pressure,diabetes and many more.Apart from this,you should also know what causes and side effects of your obesity and weight gain. What cause rapid weight gain? Bad and irregular eating habits The main cause of weight gain is irregular and bad eating habits.If you know about the number of calories your body needs to eat then your weight will not increase.Eat good and eat healthy and always keep your body fit. Cushing's syndrome Cushing's syndrome is a problem that increases the level of cortisol hormone in the body.On this fat increases in the upper part of the face and waist but the hands and feet remain thin.In the situation of Cushing's syndrome,the body is unable to properly use nutrients. Genetic reasons If the weight of any of the parents is too…

Appendix Pain,Types,Symptoms,Tests And Treatment

Pain of appendix If you are suffering from stomach and back pain from long time,do not take it lightly,it can also be pain of appendix.The appendix is ​​a piece of the intestine in the lower right side of your abdomen,it is about four inches long a thin tube that is on the right side of the stomach and part of your gastrointestinal tract.When a person has a long-term problem of acidity,constipation or stomach infection then swelling comes on intestine that causes the pain of appendix.
Types of appendix Appendicitis Mens are more likely to have appendicitis than womens.Appendicitis in this condition appendix become inflamed and fill with pus,in which there is a severe pain in the lower right side of the abdomen and vomiting. Tumor of appendix Appendix has an epithelial tumor growth which can be lead to cancer.Appendix tumors are very rare. Symptoms of appendixPain around navel areaPain in the lower right side of the stomachLess hungryNausea and feeling of vomitingFever Medical tests f…

Effective Home Remedies To Reduce Stretch Marks

Natural home remedies for remove stretch marks : The sudden increase or decrease of weight or muscles gives rise to stretch marks in different parts of the body especially on tummy area,biceps,hips etc.These stretch marks red,white in colors and everyone is engaged in the rush to get rid of them as soon as possible.But the truth is that stretch marks never go completely,but yes,they can be so lightly, that they will not be noticed.You can also dilute them by increasing the collagen production.Here we are telling you some home remedies which will lighten the stretch marks in just a few weeks. Almond oil Vitamin E contained in it moisturizes the skin deeply and helpful in getting relief from strech marks. Regular Massage of 15 to 20 minutes with almond oil on the affected part lightening stretch marks. Cocoa butter Cocoa butter nourishes the skin and helps to increase collagen production.Regular use of it will be very effective.Massage the stretch marks with a cocoa butter while sleepi…